History and Museum of Sabarmati Ashram

come to gujarat Sabarmati Ashram It is such a place from where the work of making many people aware and connecting for the freedom of the country was done by Gandhiji. Sabarmati Ashram holds a place of pilgrimage especially for those who believe in the ideology of Gandhiji and his followers. In this ashram, Gandhiji and his followers used to plan for independence from the British government. Gandhi personally spent a period from 1917 to 1930 in this ashram. After this, he spent time with his wife and close people in Sevagram Ashram in Maharashtra. Gandhiji did the work of giving a new direction to the country in the Sabarmati Ashram, located 4 miles away from the Sabarmati river.

History and Museum of Sabarmati Ashram.  Sabarmati Ashram History and Museum
History and Museum of Sabarmati Ashram

History of Sabarmati Ashram

Gandhiji returned to the country after completing his South African movement. After coming here, he first built his first ashram in Jeevanlal’s bungalow in Kochrab, Ahmedabad. First of all, he named this ashram as Satyagraha Ashram. He established this ashram on 25 May 1915. But Gandhiji’s plan was to do the work of agriculture and animal husbandry in this ashram. These works could not be done in this ashram. For this reason, he decided to establish this ashram only after two years, on 17 June 1917, on the banks of the Sabarmati river. For this reason, in the coming times, the name of this ashram became ‘Sabarmati Ashram’.

It is believed that sage Dadhichi also used to have an ashram at this place. This sage had given his bones to the deities in the Dev-Asur war. This place is situated between a crematorium and a jail. While living in this ashram, Gandhiji and his followers fought for independence. This thing is important to this place. Similarly, the British Government passed the ‘Salt Law’ in India. In protest against this, Gandhiji along with his followers started the Dandi march from this place. For this they had reached Dandi and disobeyed this salt law. In this way, this ashram is also the place of some special followers of Gandhi.

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National Monument

After Gandhiji’s death, a national memorial has also been established here with the aim of keeping his memory alive. The organization named Gandhi Smarak Nidhi has also decided that they will work to provide security to the buildings related to Gandhiji in the ashram. For this reason, Sabarmati Ashram Security and Memorial Trust was started in the year 1951. This trust works for the security of Gandhiji’s residence, Heart Kunj, Upasana Bhoomi (prayer place) and Magan Awas.

gandhiji memorial

Gandhiji Museum

Gandhiji and his wife Kasturba lived in Hridaykunj for 12 years. On May 10, 1963, the Gandhi Memorial Museum was established near Hriday Kunj. In the museum, the original copy of 400 articles of Gandhiji, a large collection of photos from childhood to death, 100 collections of speeches given in the country and abroad have been displayed. A library of this museum has 4,000 books of the ashram and 3,000 books of Mahadev Desai. Books are also collected. The museum also has an index of 30,000 letters written and received by Gandhiji. Some of these are in their original form and some have been preserved on microfilm.

photo gallery

  • There is a place in the museum which is ‘My Life is My Message Gallery’, it has two large paintings related to the life of Gandhiji. In these, one can see the life of Gandhiji closely. Along with this, photos related to the life events of Gandhiji are also available.
  • Gandhiji spent 15 years of his life in Ahmedabad. The visits and events during this period are depicted in the gallery.
  • The place has been decorated with beautiful hand made artefacts by great artists.


Gandhiji lived in this ashram from 1915 to 1933. At that time he used to live in a small cottage which is now called ‘Hriday-kunj’. It also becomes a place of great importance from the point of view of history, because his table, letter, khadi kurta etc. are found here. On the right side of the heart-key is ‘Nandini’. It is now also a ‘guest room’ where guests from India and abroad stay. Vinoba Bhave’s cottage ‘Vinoba Kutiya’ is also near this, in which he stayed for a time.

heart arch

This cottage is located in the center of the ashram, which was named by ‘Kaka Saheb Kalekar’. Gandhiji spent the time between 1919 and 1930 at this place. Gandhiji also started his Dandi march from this place.

Vinoba-Mira Kutir

Between 1918 and 1921, Acharya Vinoba Bhave lived at this place for a few months. Similarly, Madeleine Slade, a British woman who was influenced by Gandhiji’s ideology, also stayed at this place. Gandhiji named this woman ‘Mira’. Similarly, this hut was named after both these people.

vinoba kutiya

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prayer ground

Coming here every day the people living in the ashram pray in the morning and evening. This land has also been witness to the historical decisions of Gandhiji.

Nandini Guest House

The guest house Nandini is situated at some distance from this ashram. Various freedom fighters of the country such as Jawaharlal Nehru, Rajendra Prasad, C. Rajagopalachari, Dinabandhu Andrews and Rabindranath etc used to stay at this place when they came to Ahmedabad.

gandhi ashram

Udyog Mandir

Gandhi ji had planned to prepare hand made khadi to make the country independent. In this way, he had described human hard work as a symbol of self-reliance and self-respect. By staying at this place, Gandhiji gave a practical form to his financial principles. It was at this place that he started making cloth by spinning yarn on a charkha. Followers coming from different regions of India also resided in this ashram. These people used to take training in spinning wheel and making khadi clothes here.

In the year 1918, at the time of the strike of the workers of a cloth mill in Ahmedabad, ‘Udyog Mandir’ was established in the ashram. Along with this, the Kasturba kitchen here also remains the center of attraction for the people. You can see the stove, utensils and cupboards used by them in this kitchen.

Questions related to Sabarmati Ashram

When was the Sabarmati Ashram established?

In the year 1917, the Satyagraha Ashram was shifted to the banks of Sabarmati and made ‘Sabarmati Ashram’.

What are the specialties of Sabarmati Ashram?

Here Gandhiji spent 12 years with his wife and also did important works like Satyagraha and Dandi March. Due to its movements, the government has also declared it a ‘National Monument’.

Where is Sabarmati Ashram?

It is located on the banks of the Sabarmati River in the western region of Ahmedabad district in the state of Gujarat, India.

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