RTE Act 2009 in Hindi – Right to Education Act 2009

Realizing that education is the biggest asset in human life, the Government of India has enacted the Right to Education Act (RTE).RTE Act 2009) is passed. Education acts as a game changer in the life of any child. This country will turn into a developed nation only after the light of education reaches every child of the country. But in the midst of all these things, it is becoming very difficult for people to educate their children. The main reason for this is the rising inflation in the country and the fees and other expenses of private schools. Keeping such things in mind, the government has also passed an act regarding education, which is known as RTE Act 2009.

RTE Act 2009 in Hindi – Right to Education Act 2009
Right to Education Act, 2009

Right to Education

The children of the country are considered to be the supreme asset of the nation as it is a human resource full of many possibilities. In the present times, education serves to shape the personality of a man. The Right to Education (RTE) has been made since a long time to fulfill the dream of providing education to all. By the way, education in India was a constitutional right which is also a fundamental right in the beginning. In the constitution of the country, the right to education is recognized under Article 41 under the Directive Principles of State Policy.

The provision of free and compulsory education has been reiterated in the principles given under Article 45 of the policy directive of the state. According to this principle, the state has to complete free and compulsory education for all children from the beginning till the age of 14 years within a time limit of ten years. In the education campaign, we pay attention to the following points –

  • Identification of children
  • Formal evaluation related to education.
  • Providing the right education system as per the need.
  • Making education plan according to individual ability.
  • Providing aids and other equipments.
  • Teacher Training.
  • External tutor help.
  • Removal of obstructions attached to the object.
  • Research, supervision and evaluation.
  • Special attention on Divyansh girls.

When did Right to Education Act 2009 come into force

In the 86th Amendment of the Constitution, Act 2002 to 21 (A) has been added, under which it is described that the state will make a law to make free education compulsory for children aged 6 to 14 years. After this, the Education Act 2009 was passed in the Parliament to give a practical form to this right. This act came into force from 1 April 2010. There are 7 chapters and 38 sections under the Act.

right to education 2009

Features of Right to Education Act

  • The RTE Act, 2009 has provisions to provide “free and compulsory” primary education to children in the age group of 6 to 14 years in the country.
  • This facility is for those children who are in the age group of 6 to 14 years and are illiterate or unable to get school education.
  • The task of identifying such children is to be done by the School Management Committee and the local bodies.
  • The work of identification of children will be done through door-to-door survey by the management committee and the regional body. This type of survey will make it easier to find children who are deprived of education.
  • 2 percent seats in all private schools will be reserved for students belonging to weaker sections.
  • These students have to pay the same fees as the students of government schools.
  • All students and students have the right to get their initial education free of cost from any school near them. If these children fall in the age group of 6 to 14 years.
  • If a student is not selected in the school at the age of 6 years, then he can take admission later also according to his age.
  • If the student is not able to complete his elementary education till the age of 14 years, he will still be eligible for free education.
  • If a school does not have the right to free education or for some reason a student wishes to change his school, then he will get the right to change the school.
  • Within three years of the promulgation of the Act, the state government and regional officers have to make neighborhood schools or establish schools where there is no school.
  • The central government of the country will calculate the cost of implementing this act and will contribute to the establishment of schools by providing necessary technical help and resources to the state governments.
  • The state government will ensure admission and attendance of all students in the age group of 6 to 14 years in the school. Along with this, it will see that there should be no discrimination against the students belonging to weaker and backward classes.
  • The state government will ensure the basic needs of school building, teachers and teaching material etc. in this campaign.
  • If a school does not comply with the Act or asks for more fees, it will have to pay 10 times the fee and the recognition of the school will also be cancelled.

Objectives of Right to Education Act

  • This act will provide free and compulsory education to the students of 6 to 14 years of age in all the states of the country.
  • Enrollment of all 6-year-olds in a local school would be mandatory.
  • The Act defines education from classes 1 to 8 as ‘primary education’.
  • No student shall be held back in the class before the completion of his primary education.
  • No student will be failed till class 8th.
  • A ‘certificate’ will also be given to the student who completes the education from first to eighth grade.
  • If the child is not enrolled even after attaining the age of 6 years, the child will be enrolled in the appropriate class.
  • No government teacher will be allowed to have his own private educational institution and private teaching work.
  • According to the rules, the teacher-student ratio in the school will be 1:30 i.e. 30 students on one teacher.
  • The school will have separate toilet facilities for boys and girls.
  • Due to the necessary certificates, no student will be stopped from admission in the school.
  • There will be no admission test for any child for enrollment in the school.

Sections of the Right to Education Act

  • Section 1 – Under this, mention is made about the short name, its extension and the date of implementation.
  • section 2 – You will get the meaning of the terminologies related to the Act.
  • section 3 – All the students of the state in the age group of 6 to 14 years will get elementary education from classes 1 to 8 in the nearest school.
  • Section 4 – Providing age-appropriate admission, special training or help to bring them at par with other children within a stipulated time frame. In this way, even after 14 years, the right to complete primary education can be given.
  • Section 5 – Right to transfer from the school, right to admission in the school inside or outside the state, prompt certificate on demand, no delay in providing transfer certificate and no denial of admission for lack of certificate . If this happens, disciplinary action will be taken as per service rules.
  • Section 6 – To make arrangements for the school if there is no school after 6 months of the enactment of the Act.
  • Section 7 –
    • Central and state governments will decide the availability of money.
    • The Central Government will do the work of estimating the cost of implementation of this Act.
    • The central government will provide grants after consulting and agreeing with the state government.
    • The central government will be responsible for providing funds to the state government.
    • Responsibilities of the Center – Curriculum design, setting standards for training, innovation research planning and providing technical support and resources to enhance capacity.
  • Section 8 – Responsibilities of the state government – ​​Providing free and compulsory primary education to children of 6 to 15 years of age, necessary admission, attendance, completion of primary education, schools should be near children, backward children should not be discriminated against, school building, teachers, teaching materials , Giving admission according to age and training and process to bring them at par with other students, teaching training facility.
  • Section 9 – Responsibilities of Regional Officers
  • Section 10 – It will be the responsibility of all parents and guardians that the child is admitted to the school and goes to regular school.
  • Section 11 – To prepare the students of 3 to 6 years for elementary education and to arrange for their care.
  • Section 12 – The schools established by the government will complete the education of the students who have taken admission. Government-aided and private schools will provide free education to a total of 25 percent of primary class students. The government will give funds for 25 percent students for education in private schools. All schools will be bound to provide the information sought for to the local authority.
  • Section 13 – There will be no fee or examination for admission. If it is violated, the school will have to pay up to 10 times the fee. The fine will be Rs 25,000 for the first time and Rs 50,000 thereafter.
  • Section 14 – The age of the child will be decided from the certificates of the government. Admission is not to be refused in the absence of a certificate of date of birth.
  • Section 15 – The students taking admission in the beginning of the session or after that will be completed their studies in the prescribed manner by the government.
  • Section 16 – Will not fail any student and will not expel him from the school. A student should not be failed due to low marks, along with that, a regular child will definitely come and study.
  • Section 17 – Physical and mental harassment will not be given to the child, assault and derogatory words will not be used, disciplinary action will be taken for doing so.

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Teaching Provisions
first to fifth200800
sixth to eighth2201000
daily teaching provision
ClassDaily Teaching Work (Hours)
Primary Grade (1st to 5th)4 hours
Upper Primary Class (VI to VIII)four and a half hours
teacher-student ratio
  • This is described in section 25.
  • In primary class there will be 1 teacher for 30 students.
  • It is necessary to have 1 teacher for 35 students in upper primary class.
  • If there are more than 200 students in the primary class, then the student-teacher ratio will be 40:1.
distance between school and home
  • The distance of the school from the home of the children of primary class (1 to 5) should be 1 km.
  • The distance of the school from the home of the children of sub-primary class (6 to 8) should be 3 km.
  • Within three years there should be arrangement of school near every house.
weekly hours
  • The minimum weekly hours for a teacher shall be 45.

Meaning and methods of inclusive education

The development of the education system since the country’s independence confirms the fact that the country’s education has acted as an inclusive education tool despite its diversity. In the inclusive education system, there is talk of such an education system which gives equal opportunity to the child of every community to get educated without any discrimination. But due to some reasons, even today this inclusive education has not reached the level at which it should be. The need and importance of inclusive education

  • This type of education develops the individual strengths of each student with high and right hopes.
  • It inspires other students to participate in class activities and work on personal goals with children of the same age.
  • The ability to develop friendships with a wide variety of other children, each with their own individual needs and abilities, grows.
  • He is in favor of involving parents in the field of children’s education and in their school activities.

Questions related to Right to Education Act

Mention the article in RTE Act 2009?

There are total 7 articles in RTE Act 2009 –
Elementary, Right of child to education, Appropriate government, local authority, duties of parents, duties and rights of school and teacher, elementary education and curriculum, protection of right to education, extension.

What is Right to Education Act 2009?

On August 4, 2009, this act was passed in the Parliament of the country, according to which free education will be given to all the children in the age group of 6 to 14 years in the country.

What is Right to Education?

It is the responsibility of the government to provide free elementary education and to fix ‘compulsory’ admission.

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