What are the script of Hindi language? what is the script of hindi language

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Our Hindi language, which is widely used in the country, has its own special script. Every language has its own script. In a country like India, Hindi language is spoken by most of the people. Only Hindi language is used to communicate with each other. but do you know What is the script of Hindi language?, If you do not know, then no problem, today we will give you information about what is the script of Hindi language, as well as what is the script? And what is its importance, you will be able to know all about it.

Hindi language script
what is the script of hindi language

Hindi language script And today you will be able to get all the information about the history of the script of Hindi language through this article. So let’s know about all the important information related to the script of Hindi language.

What is script? (language script)

First of all, you need to know what is the script of any language. Script or handwriting which is called script in English. Script is the way of writing any language how it should be written. Sounds are very important while speaking any language. The signs which are used in the language to write these sounds are called the script of that language.

There are only 3 basic scripts in the world ,picture script Which is used in Korea, China, Japan. Brahmi script Since then, Devanagari and the scripts used in South Asia and South East Asia have been born. Phoenician Scripts derived from scripts used in Europe, Central Asia, Africa.

22 Synonyms Hindi and English Synonyms

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Brahmi script, Chitra script, Phoenician developed in different regions. The script is of the following types on the basis of vowels and consonants.

  1. alphabetic script
  2. alphasyllabic alpha syllabic script
  3. picture script

alphabetic script In this script, the vowels come after the consonants, taking the form of their full letter. The following scripts come under this.

  • Latin script (Roman script)
  • Greek script
  • arabic script
  • Hebrew script
  • Cyrillic script

Alpha syllabic scripts Each unit of this includes one or more dishes. And on these the sign of the pitch is used. But when there is no consonant, the vowel sign is used. These scripts come under this –

  • Sharda script
  • devnagari script
  • Central Indian script
  • Dravidian script
  • mongolian script

picture scriptPictures are used in this. The picture scripts are as follows –

  • ancient egyptian script
  • chinese script
  • kanji script

What is the script of Hindi language?

The script of Hindi language is Devanagari. Alpha syllabic scripts Devanagari script comes in and Hindi language is a part of it. Not only Hindi but the script of Urdu, Sanskrit, Marathi, Nepali languages ​​is also Devanagari. In ancient times, when languages ​​were not developed, pictographs were used for writing for many years. Over time, many scripts were used.

Brahmi and Kharosthi are used in large quantities in India. The Devanagari script is derived from the Brahmi script. The script of Hindi language is Devanagari and this script is written from left to right. Apart from Hindi, Sanskrit, Pali, Marathi, Sindhi, Kashmiri, Dogri, Nepali etc. are the languages ​​of Devanagari script.

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Development of Devanagari script

Brahmi script is the mother of all the scripts of India. The Devanagari script of the Hindi language is derived from the Brahmi script. Over time, the Brahmi script was also divided into several parts. At the beginning of the Gupta period, the Brahmi script was divided into two parts, which were as follows Northern Brahmi And Crooked Lipikutil Brahmi. 2 scripts were born from Northern Brahmi – first secret script and second Proven Matrika script. Crooked script The crooked script is divided into 4 parts –civil script ,Sharada script ,Western Brahmi ,Nomenclature of Devanagari script,

The Devanagari script is a phonetic script. Many scripts of India appear to be very similar to the Devanagari script, for example Bangla, Gujarati and Gurmukhi etc. According to one opinion, the Devanagari script was named Devanagari because it was prevalent in Devnagar of Kashi. Even before 1000 AD, the use of Devanagari script had started. According to Dr. Dwarika Prasad Saxena, the use of Devanagari script is believed to be derived from the inscription of Naresh Jayabhatt of Gujarat.

Development of Nagari script from Northern Brahmi –

  1. Northern Brahmi (up to 350 AD)
  2. Gupta script (4-5th century)
  3. Proven maternal script (6th century)
  4. Crooked script – Crooked script is divided into two parts –
    1. civilian
    2. Sharda (in 4 parts – Gurmukhi, Kashmiri, Lahda, Takri

The Devanagari script is prevalent in almost all regions of India. Devanagari script has been used in the inscriptions, texts, copper plates found in the states of Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Gujarat etc.

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Languages ​​using the Devanagari script

  • Duration
  • Kanoji
  • Konkani
  • cashmere
  • Kangri
  • cocoon
  • transgender
  • Kudmali
  • Kumaoni
  • Khandeshi
  • khalid
  • the chalk
  • Garhwali
  • Gurjari
  • Gurud
  • Gondi
  • chambiali
  • Chamlid
  • stealing
  • Chepar language
  • Chhattisgarhi
  • worrying
  • Jirel
  • Jumli
  • Tilud
  • Warli
  • Vasavi
  • cart
  • wambule
  • Hindi
  • Sanskrit
  • flag
  • Nepali

History of Hindi language script Devanagari

Devanagari is considered a part of the Brahmi script family. The Nagari script is considered very close to the Devanagari script. The Nagari script is also the predecessor of the Devanagari script. The Devanagari script was used by Chitrakoot in the 8th century and later by Dhruvaraja of Baroda in the 9th century. Devanagari script is inscribed on the Samgarh copper plate of Rashtrakuta king Dantidurga in 785. Devanagari script is also found on the coins of Cholaraja Rajendra in the 11th century. Apart from this, Devanagari script is also inscribed on the donation letter of Pratihar King Mahendrapal.

Sanskrit has also been used in Devanagari script on the silver coins of Mahmud Ghazni. Not only this, the Devanagari script has also been used on the coins of Muhammad Vinsam (1112 to 1205). Devanagari letters have also been used by Sanuddin Firozshah I, Bahram Shah, Alauddin Masudshah, Jalaluddin Razia, Nasiruddin Mahmud, Muizzuddin, Ghiyasuddin Balwan, Muizzuddin Kaiqubad etc. on their coins.

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Characteristic of Devanagari script

  • The Devanagari used in the olden times is different from the present day Devanagari. The majority Devanagari script has 52 characters.
  • Symbolic pictures are used for each sound.
  • The sequence of heaven and consonants has been done keeping in mind the place of pronunciation.
  • The verses are divided on the basis of number of matras.
  • Similarity in script symbols and their sounds.
  • There is no system of small letter and capital letter in Devanagari.
  • Many matras are used on one letter due to which the sound changes.
  • It is written from left to right.
  • Headline, use of combined letters.

Influence of Devanagari on languages

The script of Hindi language is Devanagari and Devanagari script has been influenced by many languages ​​–

  • RomanInfluenced by the Roman script, many changes were made in the Devanagari script. Like question mark, full stop etc.
  • FarsiInfluenced by the Persian language, many sounds such as Q, Kh, etc. were also added to Devanagari.
  • Bangla– Writing of the word Gol in Devanagari script was started only after being influenced by Bangla script.

devnagri lipi (standard form of devanagari script)

standardized Devanagari alphabet – Vowels – a, aa, e, e, u, oo, a, ai, o, au According to- An and Visarga- A:


  • ख ग घ ए (throat)
  • च झ झ झ (rhythm)
  • थ ड धन (valuable)
  • तथ द ध ध म (Dantya)
  • p f b b bh m (lips)
  • Y R L V (Internal)
  • ssh sah (heat)
  • ksh, tra gya, shra (compound consonants)
  • ई, ध (double consonants)
  • Total number of characters in Devanagari script – 52
  • Total number of consonants in Devanagari script -39 (4 of the consonants are compound consonants and diphthong consonants.)
  • Number of vowels in Devanagari script -11
  • Anuswar, Visarga is called ‘Ayogawah’, their number is 2.
  • 11 Vowels + 2 Consonants + 39 Consonants = 52 Characters

Frequently asked questions (FAQs) related to Hindi language script-

What is the script of Hindi language?

The script of Hindi language is Devanagari.

Which are the languages ​​that use the Devanagari script?

Period, Kanoji Konkani, Kashmiri, Kangri, Koya, Kinnauri, Kudmali, Kumaoni, Khandeshi, Khalid, Khadiya, Garhwali etc. use Devanagari script.

What is the script of Sanskrit language?

The script of Sanskrit language is Brahmi script.

How did the Devanagari script develop?

Devanagari script has evolved from Brahmi script.

Which is the first script of India?

Dhamma script is one of the oldest scripts of India.

Which is the oldest script?

The oldest script of India is Brahmi script.

Since when was the script developed?

The script was developed from the middle of 10000 to 4000 BC.

Which languages ​​have influenced the Devanagari script?

Devanagari script of Hindi language has been influenced by many languages. Roman, Persian and Bengali have had more influence on Devanagari script.

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